salzburg fortress on the hill

Salzburg – Mozart city (not only) for billionaires

Day Trips

estimated reading time: 14 Minutes

Barrierefrei Signet

Be amazed about…

Explore – Experience – Enjoy…

Brief info accessible… and off we go … 😊

Starting point:Your hotel in Munich
End point:Your hotel in Munich
Route length:290 km
Total duration:7 – 8 hours
Duration approach:ca. 2 hours
Contact:Frank Marx | +49 151 524 77738
Language:Englisch and German
Toilet accessible:Birdhouse Mirabellengarten, Philharmonikergasse 1
(please bring Euro-Key)
Food service:Glass Garden Schloss Mönchstein
(super view – but upper price segment!)
Note:All city attractions within walking distance…

Salzburg – Power and splendor of the archbishops

Salzburg is the fourth largest city in Austria and the capital of the province of Salzburg. With a tourism turnover of almost one billion euros and about 8000 jobs, tourism is an important economic factor. The city of Mozart is as wonderfully contrasting as the Salzburgers themselves, from high princely to urban – close to home but cosmopolitan and down-to-earth.

For more than 1000 years Salzburg was a church state with the secular and ecclesiastical power united in the role of the prince archbishop. After the Vatican, Salzburg was the most important church metropolis. Baroque squares, small passages and an impressive wealth of churches and monasteries bear witness to the legacy of these princely archbishops both in architecture and in art and culture.

The Papal State of Salzburg was very wealthy due to the mining of salt, ores and precious stones. The Salzburg of today bears witness to this wealth and the lively building activity of the prince archbishops. The model for building projects and architecture was the magnificent Rome. Thus, the cathedral, churches and monasteries in Salzburg were built according to the Italian example and with the help of Italian master builders.

It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city is the birthplace of the 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and is known for its attractive surroundings and picturesque Alpine scenery.

Fortress Hohensalzburg

fortress hohensalzburg on a hill
fortress hohensalzburg on a hill

Towering high above the city’s baroque towers, the Hohensalzburg Fortress is a real eye-catcher. Salzburg’s unmistakable landmark is the world-famous silhouette of the city. Even from afar, visitors can appreciate the power of this building. Up close, the history contained within these mighty walls is almost tangible.

In 1077, Archbishop Gebhard built the fortress. In the years that followed, his successors were responsible for the further development of the fortress architecture. Around 1500, under Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach, the fortress acquired its present appearance and thus had a decisive influence on Salzburg’s cityscape.

The original aim of the fortress was to protect the principality and the archbishops from enemy attacks. In all these years it was never taken by foreign troops.

On the third floor of the fortress there are also the Prince’s Rooms, consisting of the Prince’s Hall, the Golden Room and the Golden Hall. The furnishings of these rooms are original and unchanged since 1501/1502. Particularly impressive are the imitation of the night sky, consisting of golden stars on an azure and royal blue background, as well as the tiled stove in the Golden Room.

The Salzburg Bull is the oldest horn organ in the world still in operation and is located behind the wooden balcony of the Krautturm in Hohensalzburg Fortress. The large roller organ has a good 130 pipes and was first built in 1502 under Prince Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach for the Hoher Stock and was located above the Fürstenzimmern. Every day at 7 a.m., 11 a.m. and 6 p.m. the bull can be heard following the carillon.

With over 7000 square meters, Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the largest fortresses in Europe.

Residenzplatz and Residenz Fountain

residence fountain
residence fountain

The Residenzplatz is bordered on each side by a historical landmark of Salzburg. On the west side is the Residenz zu Salzburg (Old Residence), a 12th-century prince-archbishop’s palace complex. On the eastern side, at Mozartplatz, stands the New Residence. On the northern side, the Residenzplatz is bordered by a row of medieval town houses. South of the square, one reaches Domplatz with the Salzburg Cathedral.

The Residenzbrunnen can be considered a real landmark. The largest baroque fountain in Central Europe was made of marble from Untersberg and presents itself with a scene from Greek mythology, in which the god of the sea Triton lolls in the water with hippocamps and dolphins.

It is not without reason that the baroque city of Salzburg is called the “Rome of the North”. The representative and magnificent buildings of that time still contribute significantly to the popular appearance of the city.

Salzburg carillon

High above the rooftops of the city of Mozart towers the Salzburg Glockenspiel. The play of the 35 bells enchants the hearts of visitors and locals alike and has done so for over 300 years. In 1701, Prince Archbishop Johan Ernst Count Thun had a superstructure with round arch arcades placed on the tower of the New Residence – with 35 bells!

To fill them with musical life, Franz Sulzer of the Ebenau brassworks constructed the drive mechanism for a brass roller two and a half meters in diameter. The court clockmaker Jeremias Sauter had previously drilled, cut and filed 7970 holes into it. The complicated mechanism of the carillon was triggered by means of pins that could be used freely.

The repertoire consists of 100 pieces of music and varies monthly. So there is something for every taste – whether Mozart operas, folk songs or rather the well-known Salzburg Christmas carol “Silent Night! Holy Night!” Every inhabitant who was born in acoustic proximity to the Glockenspiel is a so-called Glockenspiel child! This also includes Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Domquartier Salzburg – more than a museum

The Domquartier tour conveys a unique interplay of 1300 years of Salzburg’s ruling history, art, music and architecture. The Salzburg prince archbishops ruled with absolutist pretensions over “heavenly and earthly matters”.

For centuries, the Salzburg Residenz served as the seat of government and residence as well as for representational purposes. 15 splendidly furnished state rooms bring together more than 200 years of history of rule and style from the Renaissance to the Baroque and Classicism.

The Dombogenterrasse offers a unique view of the baroque center of Salzburg. As part of the Dom Quartier circuit and a link between the Residenz and the cathedral, the Dombogenterrasse offers an incomparable view of the Dom and Residenzplatz. Salzburg Cathedral is one of the most magnificent monumental buildings of the early Baroque period. From the organ loft, the interior of the cathedral reveals itself in all its splendor.

Salzburg Cathedral

Cathedral Square in Salzburg: St. Mary's Column and Salzburg Cathedral
St. Mary’s Column and Salzburg Cathedral

It stands in the middle of the city. It cannot be overlooked from any direction. Next to the fortress, it is the most impressive building in Salzburg. The baroque building has a length of 101 meters, the transept measures 69 meters. The tower height is 81 meters, the dome height is 79 meters. The cathedral has 900 seats. It is a listed building and is part of the UNESCO World HeritageHistorical Center of the City of Salzburg.

Salzburg Cathedral has a total of five independent organ instruments. Instrumental music can be performed on the cupola galleries as in Mozart’s time – Mozart mostly played on the southeastern pillar organ, the “court organ” – multi-choir works by old masters can be performed in an original manner.

Every year “Jedermann”, the most important play of the Salzburg Festival, is performed at the Cathedral Square. For this purpose, the audience tribune is erected on the Domplatz, the stage directly in front of the main entrance. The facade of the cathedral is thus integrated into the play as a stage set.

Salzburg Festival

The Salzburg Festival is considered the world’s most important festival of classical music and performing arts. They have been held in Salzburg every summer in July and August since 1920.

The Salzburg Festival was born on August 22, 1920, when Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s morality play “Jedermann”, directed by Max Reinhardt, was performed for the first time on the Domplatz. Since then, the Salzburg Festival has established itself as one of the world’s most important festivals for opera, drama and concerts.

For several weeks in the summer, the city of 150,000 becomes the hub of the cultural world. Salzburg owes this annual transformation to the Salzburg Festival: a world-renowned festival of the highest musical quality. International top stars such as Anna Netrebko, Rolando Villazón and Riccardo Muti attract more than 250,000 culture lovers from all over the world every year. More than 200 opera, drama and concert events are offered.

There is one name that is as inextricably linked with the city of Salzburg as with the Festival itself: Herbert von Karajan. The founding father of the Salzburg Festival was himself a Salzburger. In the post-war years, “the Karajan era” began.

The brilliant performances in the Felsenreitschule and the Haus für Mozart are peppered with stars of the scene. In addition to Mozart operas, there are also many performances of Italian composers as well as modern pieces.

“Jedermann” – play of the dying of the rich man

Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s mystery play “Jedermann. Das Spiel vom Sterben des reichen Mannes” was published in Berlin in 1911 and premiered there in the same year. The play is set in the 15th century and is about the rich gentleman Jedermann who, in the face of death, repents of his dissolute life far from God. He repents and is then granted God’s grace.

Jedermann is an integral part of the Salzburg Festival. Against the unique backdrop of Salzburg Cathedral, the “play of the rich man’s death” is performed every year.

Felsenreitschule

rock riding school with stone arcades
rock riding school with stone arcades

The Felsenreitschule is built into the Mönchsberg and fascinates with its stage and stone arcades. With a capacity of 1,437 spectators, it is one of the most important concert halls in Salzburg. It shares its foyer with that of the Haus für Mozart (Kleines Festspielhaus).

Felsenreitshule in Salzburg
Under Max Reinhardt, the Felsenreitschule first became the venue for the Salzburg Festival in 1926. Seven years later, Clemens Holzmeister transformed the special stage into the “Faust City” and set a milestone in scene design. The play was performed on a “Pawlatschenbühne,” the floor was made of tamped earth, and the audience sat on wooden benches.

Since June 2011, the Felsenreitschule has had a new roof. Since June 2011, the Felsenreitschule has had a new roof. The slightly sloping monopitch roof, consisting of three mobile segmental surfaces, can be retracted and extended on five telescopic arms within six minutes. Thanks to the modern construction, the Festival gained 700 m² of usable space for technical equipment and rehearsal rooms. The structure was designed by the HALLE 1 team of architects and received the Architecture Prize of the Province of Salzburg in recognition in 2012.

For fans of the well-known Hollywood blockbuster “The Sound of Music,” the Felsenreitschule is a must-see. On the history-steeped stage, Maria, the Captain and the Children took part in a music competition and performed their folk songs. They then fled to Switzerland due to Nazi persecution.

Getreidegasse

Business signs of the Getreidegasse in Salzburg
Business signs of the Getreidegasse in Salzburg

The Getreidegasse is the heart of Salzburg’s old town and attracts a large number of visitors with its unmistakable charm as well as Mozart’s birthplace. In addition to international fashion chains, Getreidegasse delights with historic inns and unique traditional businesses.

Originally, the Getreidegasse was called Trabe-, Trab- or Trav-Gasse. The name came from the word “traben”, meaning “to run”, but also referred to the trotting of horses. Over the years, the names Tragasse, Traidgasse and Getreidgasse finally formed the present name Getreidegasse. The name changes make it clear that the name Getreidegasse originally had nothing to do with grain.

Each courtyard is a work of art in itself: columns, vaults, capitals, profiled cornices, reliefs, marble balustrades, engraved house marks and dates, arcades, steep and narrow staircases as well as colorful flower decorations in the archways, create a unique atmosphere.

The Getreidegasse attracts above all with a wide range of international fashion chains, traditional stores and varied gastronomy. In addition to jewelry, traditional costumes, hip accessories, antiques, leather and paper goods, perfumeries, shoppers can also buy delicatessen and food in Getreidegasse. A special highlight are the dainty and playful guild signs on the house facades high above the heads of the visitors.

Mozarthaus

In Getreidegasse, one house attracts special attention: No. 9, the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Salzburg’s most famous son was born here on January 27, 1756. For a whole 26 years, from 1747, the family occupied an apartment on the third floor. The building, which was largely destroyed in the Second World War, was faithfully reconstructed and reopened as the second Mozart Museum in 1996.

Leopold Mozart was one of the most versatile personalities of his time: composer, court musician and violinist, vice-chapel master, pedagogue, patron of his gifted children, writer and scholar, excellent letter writer, loving husband and caring, sometimes lecturing family father, convivial host, networker, organizer, travel manager and concert promoter, provocative subject, free spirit and man of enlightenment.

Mirabell Palace and Mirabell Gardens

Mirabell Palace is located in the heart of the city of Salzburg and is particularly impressive for its breathtaking gardens in the palace park.

Mirabell Palace with garden in Salzburg
Mirabell Palace with garden in Salzburg

Mirabell Palace with garden in Salzburg
Mirabell Palace with garden in Salzburg
It was built around 1606 by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau outside the city walls of the time for the Archbishop’s mistress or secret wife Salome Alt and was initially called Altenau Palace. The name Mirabell is a female given name from Italy and is composed of mirabile “admirable” and bella “beautiful”.

For his 15 children, the sovereign, who always took care of his family, obtained legitimation from the emperor as legitimate heirs, and for his children and mistress he also obtained elevation to hereditary nobility. Mother and children now called themselves “Alt von Altenau.

Incidentally, Otto I of Bavaria, later King of Greece, was born in Mirabell Palace on July 1, 1815.

The Marble Hall, former banqueting hall of the prince archbishop, is today considered one of the “most beautiful wedding halls in the world”. Father Leopold Mozart and his children Wolfgang and Nannerl already made music in it. Concerts in Salzburg can hardly be experienced as intense, atmospheric and close to the artist as they are today. The baroque marble hall of Mirabell Palace is considered one of the most beautiful and historically important concert halls in Salzburg and the world.

Magnificent is the play of colors of about 100,000 flowers that bloom here every year!

30,000 forget-me-nots, golden violet, bellies (grafted daisies)
35.000 begonias, pelargoniums, tagetes, zinnias, vanilla flowers
20.000 pansies
15.000 tulips, daffodils & crocuses
The Heckentheater

The Heckentheater, sometimes called the Nature Theater, is the oldest of its kind in the German-speaking world. It was established around 1715, at about the same time or shortly after the dwarf garden came into being.

In its original version, it was more elaborate and larger in scale, designed by the architect Matthias Diesel. The model of the labyrinth and maze can be found in French garden architecture of the Baroque period. In its heyday, ballets and operas were performed in the Heckentheater, as well as pantomimes.

Sound of Music – one of the most famous movies in the world

More than 50 years ago, “The Sound of Music” was the film that shaped the image of Salzburg around the world. The story of the family choir around Maria and Baron Georg von Trapp contains many aspects that made the musical and later the film have a lasting effect.

The story is set in 1938, the political and social upheavals triggered by the Second World War are imminent. The romantic encounter between Maria and Georg von Trapp, the happy time spent in the family circle at Villa Trapp and the joy of making music show the idyll in the difficult time.

Along with the Felsenreitschule and Nonnberg Abbey, the Mirabell Gardens are one of the most important settings in the famous Hollywood musical “The Sound of Music”. In the film, Maria and the children dance around the Pegasus fountain in front of the palace, singing the song “Do Re Mi”. At the end of the scene, the Trapp family lines up on the steps in front of the Rose Hill for the singing finale.

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